Do you want to know the detailed rules of the kayaking competition? Read on for more information.
Race boats are divided into rowing boats and kayaks.
The main difference between the two types of boat is the position of the paddler and the type of paddle used.
Rowing boats are open boats in which competitors paddle with a single paddle in a bent knee position. Each boat can take one or two competitors (C1 or C2) and paddlers are male-only.
Kayaks are closed boats in which the paddler sits inside the boat and controls the boat with a mechanical rudder operated by the feet. The paddles used have paddle blades on both ends. Kayaks can take one, two, or four competitors (K1, K2, and K4). The Olympic Games features a men's kayak race and a women's kayak race.
Canoeing originated in Greenland, North America, where Eskimos made animal skin boats wrapped in a wooden frame.
At the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin in 1936, canoeing in still water (men) was made an official Olympic event; canoeing in still water (women) was entered into the London Olympics in 1948, and at the 11th Asian Games in Beijing in 1990, canoeing in still water became an official Asian Games event.
The canoe slalom was first introduced as an official event at the 20th Munich Olympic Games in 1972.
The canoeing categories are stillwater and slalom.
In a slalom race, the athlete is aiming to pass a section of fast water with gates in the shortest possible time and correctly. Like canoeing in still water, it is one of the official Olympic Canoeing events.
The slalom consists of the men's K1 (single paddle kayak), C1 (single paddle canoe), C2 (double paddle canoe), and women's K1 events. Athletes are required to cross between 20 and 25 hurdles in fast-flowing water. The entire course is 300 meters long.
The athletes aim to complete the entire course in as short a time as possible and to avoid being deducted points.
Canoeing (still water) is the passage of a clearly marked and unobstructed course in as short a time as possible.
The 200m, 500m, and 1000m kayak (Stillwater) races are run in a special group elimination system, while the 5000m race is a one-off group start.
At the start of the race, each boat will start on its own course with its bow aligned, and when the marshals think the bow is aligned, the starter will give the command or signal "ready" "paddle".
At this point, the baffles fall and the boats set off. After departure, each boat should follow its own course from start to finish, with no part of the boat crossing its own 'course'.
Any part of the boat that crosses its own course or fails to cross the finish line in its own lane is a foul and the course judge may issue a warning or disqualify the boat on the spot.
The races are held on calm water and the athletes each have their own course. The men's event consists of kayaking and canoeing, with athletes paddling in a kneeling position with a single-sided paddle. The women's event is kayaking only, with a certain number of athletes sitting in the boat and paddling the double-sided paddle to keep the kayak moving. The women's events include the 100m K1 (single paddle kayak), K2 (double paddle), and K4 (4 paddles), while the men's events include the 500m and 1000m K1 and K2, the 1000m K4, the 500m, and 1000m C1 (single paddle canoe) and C2.